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印尼客家博物館于2014年8月29日開幕

2014-8-26 21:59| 查看: 2674| 评论: 3|原作者: 廖子建|来自: 星洲日報

摘要: 印尼客屬聯誼總會籌建“印尼客家博物館”籌委會總主席葉聯禮、主席李世鐮、副主席楊健昌、張和然,沈福賢、陳國財、廖世隆、楊兆驥等理事,8月23日(星期六)中午12時在會所三樓舉行新聞發佈會,公佈將於8月29日(星 ...

印尼客家博物館


        印尼客屬聯誼總會籌建“印尼客家博物館”籌委會總主席葉聯禮、主席李世鐮、副主席楊健昌、張和然,沈福賢、陳國財、廖世隆、楊兆驥等理事,8月23日(星期六)中午12時在會所三樓舉行新聞發佈會,公佈將於8月29日(星期五)上午9時舉行印尼客家博物館開幕典禮。

        屆時將有來自國內外各地區的上千名客家鄉親出席,並向捐款興建印尼客家博物館的贊助者頒發感謝狀,總主席葉聯禮,工委會主席李世鐮,梅州市政府代表等嘉賓,將在開幕典禮上發表講話。

        同時,於8月30日(星期六)上午9時30分,邀請蘇西洛總統及夫人、文化與教育部長、商業部長、旅遊與創意經濟部長馮慧蘭、雅加達省長佐科威等官員們出席印尼客家博物館的開幕典禮,由蘇西洛總統鳴鑼宣佈印尼客家博物館正式開幕,以及在石碑上簽字及致詞。


        為何要建“印尼客家博物館”?

        印尼客家博物館工委會主席李世鐮表示,根據不正式統計,印尼華人約有2千萬人,其中800萬人是客家人,他們千里迢迢來到南洋群島,赤手空拳,披荊斬棘,在荒野之地跟當地人一起建立一個又一個的新家園,為之後印尼祖國的發展與繁榮打下了穩固的基礎。

        他們刻苦耐勞,拼搏上進的精神值得讚揚,勤奮節儉,崇文重教的美德值得傳頌。客家先賢可歌可泣的滄桑史,成功史,也反映了整個印尼華人先賢歷代以來的艱辛奮鬥,所以建造“客家博物館”具有一定的意義,他將記載他們不屈不撓的精神與拓荒創業的事跡,供後人學習。


        印尼客家博物館分三展廳

        印尼客家博物館有三個展廳組成,即印尼華人歷史展廳,印尼客家人文展廳和印尼永定客家人文展廳。

        印尼客家人的歷史是整個印尼華人歷史不可分割的一部份,所以本博物館先介紹印尼華人歷史是理所當然的。

        印尼永定客家人為數不少,他們多經營醫藥業,他們的祖先居住在福建山區的圓土樓裡,這些土樓很有特色,其中的“振城樓”更是建造印尼客家博物館的藍本。

        二樓的印尼華人歷史展廳有七個展示間:第一展示間敘述華人下南洋的理事。第二展示間展示舊時華人行業的照片。

        第三展示間展示對印尼國家民族有貢獻的華人肖像。第四展示間記載亞齊、西加、丹格冷、邦加、勿里洞等地華人的歷史。

        第五展示間講述棉蘭張榕軒、張耀軒昆仲的歷史,峇厘島華人公主江金花的故事及其它。第六展示間敘述印尼華人對戲劇,布袋戲、皮影戲、丹格冷樂園的影響。第七展示間講述華人對印尼影視業、峇澤布、美食方面等等的貢獻。

        印尼客家人文展廳在印尼客家博物館三樓,總共有七個展示間:第一展示間敘述客家人下南洋的歷史,客家美食,同時也展示客家圍龍屋的泥塑模型。

        第二展示間介紹客家英才及展示各種農耕用具。第四至第七展示間展示新娘房間,轎子,獅頭鑼鼓等客家文物。印尼永定客家人文展廳:本展廳介紹客家土樓,永定名人及他們所做的福利活動,本廳也展示永定人藥材店用的器具及一些中草藥樣品。
 
(发布者: huangchunbin)
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引用 城客 2014-8-31 15:56
印尼首都将出现一位华人(客家人)首长,再次证明客家人一直垄断华人社会的政治
引用 城客 2014-8-31 15:53
客家人在印尼占了40%。福建(省)人也是40%。但客家人一直是第二大华人族群。但我相信应该是第一大。因为以东南亚华人籍贯分类:福建(省)人包括了福建,福州,福清,普田等籍贯
引用 城客 2014-8-31 15:47
以下是英语报导

New Hakka museum in Jakarta recognises Indonesian Chinese pioneers
Contributions of ethnic Chinese from before independence lauded
Published on Aug 31, 2014
By Zakir Hussain, Indonesia Bureau Chief In Jakarta
Few Indonesians are aware that many Chinese Indonesians were involved in the struggle for independence, or that ethnic Chinese naval commander John Lie played a key role in getting arms past the Dutch blockade to freedom fighters.
Chinese communities have also been established as far afield as Aceh, Kalimantan and Maluku for more than 500 years.
A new museum in Jakarta dedicated to the history and contributions of the Chinese in Indonesia seeks to highlight these and other facts, 15 years after restrictions on Chinese language and cultural expression were lifted.
Opening the Indonesian Hakka Museum yesterday, President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono thanked the community for its contributions to Indonesia, from before independence and throughout the nation-building process, saying that there was no room for discrimination against any group.
"Museums are important in memorialising the contributions of our pioneers for future generations, and I am confident this will tell their stories and highlight our collective effort to improve the lives of the people of Indonesia," he said.
The three-storey museum's name was, however, a reminder that the Chinese community remained split: Hakkas make up some 40 per cent of the Chinese in Indonesia, and were the most eager to raise funds for and to back the effort. But its second floor is called the Indonesian Chinese Museum and focuses on the wider Chinese community, while the third floor focuses on the Hakka community and culture.
The museum is situated in a corner of Taman Mini Indonesia Indah, a sprawling park in east Jakarta that features exhibits on various provinces and ethnic groups in Indonesia.
Construction of the museum, designed in the shape of a tulou, or round Hakka earthen building, started in 2012.
Museum committee chairman Iwan Mahatirta said a key reason for the museum is that many younger Indonesians, both Chinese and non-Chinese, are not aware of the contributions of earlier generations to the country.
Part of this was because the New Order of former president Suharto, who came to power after a failed coup plot blamed on the Communists, suppressed not only the use of Mandarin but also expressions of interest in Chinese identity.
His regime saw Chinese Indonesians shoehorned into doing business, and helped feed the stereotype among wider society that ethnic Chinese were focused on making money, which still persists in some quarters today.
"We hope to change that perception," Mr Iwan told The Sunday Times.
Chinese bookstore owner Yoza Suryawan, 81, said: "This museum shows that we, too, played our part in the struggle for an independent Indonesia and were not just good at making money."
Historian Asvi Warman Adam said the museum is important for all Indonesians to see that their fellow Chinese citizens also sank roots, like other ethnic groups, and have influenced everyday life through language and food.
The museum recounts the history of the Chinese in the archipelago and what they did during the colonial years. It also highlights prominent individuals, such as Olympic badminton gold medallist Susi Susanti.
There are also sections devoted to food, culture and Hakka practices, as well as a display on famous Hakkas that includes Singapore Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong and former prime minister Lee Kuan Yew, former Thai premiers Thaksin and Yingluck Shinawatra, and the late Chinese leaders Sun Yat Sen and Deng Xiaoping.
Hakka Association chairman Sugeng Prananto said the museum does not set out to be exclusive, but to explain the diverse traditions of the Chinese and Hakkas.
He awarded Dr Yudhoyono the title of honorary life chairman of the Indonesian Hakka Association, saying that his inclusive leadership over the past decade has enabled Chinese Indonesians to grow alongside other groups.
zakirh@sph.com.sg
BACKGROUND STORY
HAKKAS' BIG PRESENCE
Hakkas and their descendants make up some 40 per cent of the almost 20 million people in Indonesia who have some Chinese ancestry, says the Indonesian Hakka Association.
Hakkas from China's Guangdong and Fujian provinces emigrated to the archipelago more than 700 years ago, with the earliest settlers arriving in Kalimantan.
Thousands more landed in Sambas, Surabaya and Palembang because of Admiral Zheng He's expeditions to the region in the 15th century during the Ming Dynasty.
In later years, opponents of the Qing Dynasty fled to Kalimantan, where they worked in gold mines. In 1777, a group of miners set up their own state, calling it the Lanfang Republic.
The Dutch conquered it in 1884 and a number of its residents moved elsewhere, including to Sumatra and Singapore.
Prominent Hakka Chinese in Indonesia include Jakarta vice-governor Basuki Tjahaja Purnama, or Ahok, and businessman Murdaya Poo.
Zakir Hussain

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